AnAge entry for Salmo salar

Classification (HAGRID: 00707)

Kingdom: Animalia
    Phylum: Chordata
        Class: Actinopterygii (Taxon entry)
            Order: Salmoniformes
                Family: Salmonidae
                    Genus: Salmo
Salmo salar
Common name
Atlantic salmon

Lifespan, ageing, and relevant traits

Maximum longevity
13 years (wild)
ref. 1
Sample size
Data quality

Like in many other salmonid species, most animals die after spawning [0524]. While most animals return to spawn in rivers, however, there are alternative life histories: parr and jacks have a small body size and mature early, yet while jacks return early to spawn from the ocean, parr do not migrate and can survive reproduction and breed again [0413]. Unverified estimates suggest these animals may live up to 14 years [0454].

Interestingly, one study showed that animals infected with a Pearl mussel parasite live longer, have a lower cancer incidence, and avoid the typical "programmed death" that follows reproduction possibly because the parasite needs the salmon to live one more year to complete its life cycle [0414].

Life history traits (averages)

Female sexual maturity
Male sexual maturity
1,825 days
Adult weight
25,740 g


No information on metabolism is available.


External Resources

Integrated Taxonomic Information System
ITIS 161996
Animal Diversity Web
ADW account
Encyclopaedia of Life
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NCBI Taxonomy
Taxonomy ID 8030
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