AnAge entry for Pongo pygmaeus

Classification (HAGRID: 03224)

Taxonomy
Kingdom: Animalia
    Phylum: Chordata
        Class: Mammalia (Taxon entry)
            Order: Primates (Taxon entry)
                Family: Hominidae
                    Genus: Pongo
Species
Pongo pygmaeus
Common name
Orangutan

Lifespan, ageing, and relevant traits

Maximum longevity
59 years (captivity)
Source
ref. 671
Sample size
Large
Data quality
Acceptable
Observations

Like other great apes, orangutans appear to be long-lived. Even in the wild, these animals might live more than 50 years. One field study conducted in the /abelii/ subspecies estimated maximum longevity in the wild to be at least 58 years for males and at least 53 years for females without any evidence of menopause [0737]. One wild born male was about 59 years old when he died in captivity [0671]. Some authors consider /Pongo pygmaeus abelii/ to be a separate species.

Life history traits (averages)

Female sexual maturity
2,555 days
Male sexual maturity
2,555 days
Gestation
249 days
Weaning
1,003 days
Litter size
1 (viviparous)
Litters per year
0.2
Inter-litter interval
1,414 days
Weight at birth
1,737 g
Weight at weaning
11,000 g
Adult weight
64,475 g
Postnatal growth rate
0.0009 days-1 (from Gompertz function)
Maximum longevity residual
221%

Metabolism

No information on metabolism is available.

References

External Resources

Integrated Taxonomic Information System
ITIS 573083
Animal Diversity Web
ADW account
Encyclopaedia of Life
Search EOL
NCBI Taxonomy
Taxonomy ID 9600
Entrez
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Ageing Literature
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Images
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Internet
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