AnAge entry for Papio hamadryas

Classification (HAGRID: 03187)

Taxonomy
Kingdom: Animalia
    Phylum: Chordata
        Class: Mammalia (Taxon entry)
            Order: Primates (Taxon entry)
                Family: Cercopithecidae
                    Genus: Papio
Species
Papio hamadryas
Common name
Hamadryas baboon

Lifespan, ageing, and relevant traits

IMR
0.06/year
MRDT
4 years
Maximum longevity
37.5 years (captivity)
Source
ref. 671
Sample size
Large
Data quality
High
Observations

There are different subspecies of baboons, all with similar life-history parameters and a gradual ageing phenotype. Baboons have been shown both in captivity and in the wild to age about twice as fast as humans [0009]. The IMR was estimated at age 5. One captive chacma baboon has been reported to live 45 years in captivity [0434], but this has not been confirmed. One male hamadryas baboon lived 37.5 years in captivity [0671]. In the wild, record longevity is 27 years. Baboons suffer from a variety of age-related diseases, including various types of cancer; in females, endometriosis has also been reported. Females appear to undergo menopause at about age 26 [0981].

Life history traits (averages)

Female sexual maturity
1,514 days
Male sexual maturity
1,762 days
Gestation
171 days
Weaning
300 days
Litter size
1 (viviparous)
Litters per year
0.8
Inter-litter interval
568 days
Weight at birth
814 g
Weight at weaning
3,950 g
Adult weight
18,000 g
Postnatal growth rate
0.0026 days-1 (from Gompertz function)
Maximum longevity residual
171%

Metabolism

Typical body temperature
311ºK or 38.0ºC or 100.4ºF
Basal metabolic rate
21.0950 W
Body mass
12670.8 g
Metabolic rate per body mass
0.001665 W/g

References

External Resources

Integrated Taxonomic Information System
ITIS 573033
Animal Diversity Web
ADW account
Encyclopaedia of Life
Search EOL
NCBI Taxonomy
Taxonomy ID 9557
Entrez
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Ageing Literature
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Images
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Internet
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