LongevityMap Gene

Gene details

HGNC symbol
HSPA1A 
Aliases
HSP72; HSPA1; HSP70I; HSP70-1; HSP70.1; HSP70-1A; HEL-S-103 
Common name
heat shock protein family A (Hsp70) member 1A 
Description
This intronless gene encodes a 70kDa heat shock protein which is a member of the heat shock protein 70 family. In conjuction with other heat shock proteins, this protein stabilizes existing proteins against aggregation and mediates the folding of newly translated proteins in the cytosol and in organelles. It is also involved in the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway through interaction with the AU-rich element RNA-binding protein 1. The gene is located in the major histocompatibility complex class III region, in a cluster with two closely related genes which encode similar proteins. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Cytogenetic Location
6p21.33
UCSC Genome Browser
View 6p21.33 on the UCSC genome browser
OMIM
140550
Ensembl
ENSG00000204389
UniProt/Swiss-Prot
A8K5I0_HUMAN
Entrez Gene
3303
UniGene
274402
1000 Genomes
1000 Genomes

Homologs in model organisms

No homologs found

In other databases

GenAge human genes
  • This gene is present as HSPA1A

Studies (8)

Significant/Non-significant: 5/3

Study 1

Longevity Association
Significant
Population
Italian (Southern)
Study Design
(A/C)-110 polymorphism was examined in 591 subjects (263 males and 328 females; age range 18-109 years; 36 male and 84 female centenarians)
Conclusions
A significant age-related decrease of the frequency of allele (A)-110 was observed in females, while no difference was observed in the males
Indentifier
-110A/C
Reference

    Study 2

    Longevity Association
    Significant
    Population
    Danish
    Study Design
    The -110A/C polymorphism was examined in a cohort of aged Danish twins (individuals aged between 70 and 91 years, categorized according to the presence or absence of various diseases)
    Conclusions
    An association was found between low self-rated health and heterozygosity (AC genotype)
    Indentifier
    -110A/C
    Reference

      Study 3

      Longevity Association
      Significant
      Population
      Danish
      Study Design
      The A/C -110 polymorphism was examined in 426 participants of various ages
      Conclusions
      Female carriers of CC genotype survive better than the noncarriers (AA and AC)
      Indentifier
      -110A/C
      Reference

        Study 4

        Longevity Association
        Non-significant
        Population
        Ashkenazi Jewish
        Study Design
        Polymorphisms were examined in 347 centenarians, 260 centenarian offspring, and 238 controls
        Conclusions
        No genetic associations were found with two SNPs within two hsp70 genes
        Indentifier
        rs1043618
        Reference

          Study 5

          Longevity Association
          Significant
          Population
          Chinese (Uighur in Xinjiang)
          Study Design
          Case-control study in 191 healthy individuals greater than 90 years of age, and 53 naturally died persons 65-70 years of age on A1267G in HSPA1B, G190C in HSPA1A, and T2437C in HSPA1L
          Conclusions
          In single-locus analysis, no significant differences were found between long-lived people and short-lived people in the genotype/allele distributions of all variants. In contrast, haplotype analysis indicated that haplotypes A-G-C and A-C-T were more prevalent in long-lived people than short-lived people (P=0.026 and 0.017), and the analysis conferred a 3.46- and 4.51-fold increased tendency for longevity, respectively (P=0.025 and 0.016).
          Indentifier
          G190C
          Reference

            Study 6

            Longevity Association
            Significant
            Population
            Danish
            Study Design
            Three single nucleotide polymorphisms, HSPA1A (-110A>C), HSPA1B (1267A>G), and HSPA1L (2437T>C), present in the three HSP70 genes, were studied in a cohort of individuals born in the year 1905.
            Conclusions
            A significant association of HSPA1A-AA (RR=3.864; p=0.016) and HSPA1B-AA (RR=2.764; p=0.039) genotypes with poor survival was observed in female subjects. Also the female carriers of haplotype G-C-T had longer survival than the non-carriers (HRR=0.550; p=0.015). On an average, female carriers of the G-C-T haplotype live about one year longer than non-carriers.
            Indentifier
            -110A>C
            Reference

              Study 7

              Longevity Association
              Non-significant
              Population
              Danish, German, Dutch
              Study Design
              102 SNPs from 16 longevity candidate genes were examined in Danish. 1089 individuals (ages 92.2-93.8, mean age 93.2, 71.3 female) and 736 middle-aged controls (46-55 y, mean age 50.6, 49.6% female) were involved in this case-control study. Then the results were replicated in a German cohort of 1613 individuals (95-110 y, 73.2% female) and 1104 middle-aged controls (mean age 67.2, SD 4.07, 74.3% female). A 11 years study was introduced in Danish cohort to identify the SNPs associated with longevity, then the results were verified in Dutch longitudinal cohort.
              Conclusions
              After correcting for multiple testing, no SNPs were significantly associated with longevity, except in APOE and CETP. rs4343 (ACE) was nominally significantly associated with longevity (Pā€‰<ā€‰0.05).
              Indentifier
              rs1043618
              Reference

                Study 8

                Longevity Association
                Non-significant
                Population
                American (Caucasian), Ashkenazi Jewish
                Study Design
                Serum Hsp70 levels and hsp70 genes variants were analyzed in a sample (from New England Centenarian Study (NECS) or the Longevity Genes Project (LGP)) of centenarian subjects, their offspring, and unrelated controls to study the associations with longevity.
                Conclusions
                Adjusted Hsp70 levels are significantly lower in NECS offspring than in NECS controls (sex-adjusted p < 0.001) and there is a trend towards lower Hsp70 among LGP centenarians when compared to LGP controls (age-adjusted p = 0.058). No genetic associations were found with two SNPs within two hsp70 genes.
                Indentifier
                rs1043618
                Reference